Microalgae Market and Application Outlook

Executive summary

The term “microalgae” defines all microscopic algae, unicellular or filamentous, with any relation with the taxonomy. Microalgae are an extremely heterogeneous group of microorganisms. This group counts more than 50,000 species (estimation) very different phylogenetically. This diversity makes microalgae a potentially rich source of avast array of chemical products with applications in the feed, food, cosmetic, pharmaceutical and even fuel industries.

Microalgae can be produced using a wide variety of methods, ranging from closed fully controlled methods to less predictable methods in outdoor tanks. The terminologies used to describe the type of algal culture include indoor/oudoor, open/closed, axenic, batch, continuous and semi-continuous.

Open pond systems are shallow ponds in which algae are cultivated. Nutrients can be provided through runoff water from nearby land areas or by channeling the water from sewage/water treatment plants. Photobioreactors are different types of tanks or closed systems in which algae are cultivated. Algal cultures consist of a single or several specific strains optimized for producing the desired product. About ten microalgae are used for commercial applications. They are used as a whole without transformation (named whole algae in this report) or are used to produce extracts of interest (named extract in this report).

The global production of microalgae for all applications is estimated. The Algae mostly produced are described.The two algae with the biggest production are Spirulina and Crypthecodinium. Two types of products with microalgae are available. Whole microalgae biomass and extracts from microalgae. Three main extracts come from microalgae: carotenoids, phycobiliproteins and antioxidants. Main microalgae market applications are: human and animal nutrition, cosmetics and research.  

See also www.microalgae-market.com



Table of content


Executive Summary

1 Generalities
  1.1 Definition
  1.2 Characteristics
  1.3 History
2 Production technologies
   2.1 Open Ponds
   2.2 Photobioreactors (PBR)
   2.3 Fermentation Process
   2.4 Harvesting of microalgae
   2.5 Analysis
3 Microalgae
   3.1 Spirulina
      3.1.1 Generalities
      3.1.2 Production
      3.1.3 Products
      3.1.4 Applications
      3.1.5 Market
   3.2 Crypthecodinium cohnii
      3.2.1 Generalities
      3.2.2 Production
      3.2.3 Products
      3.2.4 Applications
      3.2.5 Market
   3.3 Chlorella
      3.3.1 Generalities
      3.3.2 Production
      3.3.3 Products
      3.3.4 Applications
      3.3.5 Market
   3.4 Dunaliella salina
      3.4.1 Generalities
      3.4.2 Production
      3.4.3 Products
      3.4.4 Applications
      3.4.5 Market
   3.5 Ulkenia sp.
      3.5.1 Generalities
      3.5.2 Production
      3.5.3 Products
      3.5.4 Applications
      3.5.5 Market
   3.6 Haematococcus pluvialis
      3.6.1 Generalities
      3.6.2 Production
      3.6.3 Products
      3.6.4 Applications
      3.6.5 Market
   3.7 Schizochytrium
      3.7.1 Generalities
      3.7.2 Production
      3.7.3 Products
      3.7.4 Applications
      3.7.5 Market
   3.8 Aphanizomenon flos-aquae
      3.8.1 Generalities
      3.8.2 Production
      3.8.3 Products
      3.8.4 Applications
      3.8.5 Market
   3.9 Euglena
      3.9.1 Generalities
      3.9.2 Production
      3.9.3 Products
      3.9.4 Applications
      3.9.5 Market
   3.10 Odontella aurita
      3.10.1 Generalities
      3.10.2 Production
      3.10.3 Products
      3.10.4 Applications
      3.10.5 Market
   3.11 Others microalgae
      3.11.1 Nostoc
      3.11.2 Porphyridium cruentum
   3.12 Global market analysis by microalgae
4 By products
   4.1 Whole-cell microalgae biomass
   4.2 Microalgae extracts
      4.2.1 Carotenoids
      4.2.2 Phycobiliproteins
      4.2.3 Antioxidants
5 Applications
   5.1 Food
      5.1.1 Functional food
      5.1.2 Dietary supplements
   5.2 Feed
      5.2.1 Used Species
      5.2.2 Products
   5.3 Cosmetics
      5.3.1 Players
      5.3.2 Market
   5.4 Research
6 Applications in development
   6.1 Energy
      6.1.1 Transport biofuels
      6.1.2 Biogas
      6.1.3 Market value
   6.2 Environment
      6.2.1 Water treatment and Soil Detoxification
      6.2.2 Carbon capture
7 New products in development and innovations
   7.1 Evolution of the research on microalgae
   7.2 Pharmaceuticals
   7.3 Materials
8 Microalgae Market Players
   8.1 Spirulina key players
   8.2 Chlorella key players
   8.3 Dunaliella key players
   8.4 Haematococcus key players
9 Key players profiles
   9.1 Cyanotech Profile
      9.1.1 Company Information
      9.1.2 Company Overview
      9.1.3 Patents, Trademarks and Licenses
      9.1.4 Research and Development
      9.1.5 Products and Markets
      9.1.6 Production
      9.1.7 Sales and production by products
      9.1.8 Major Customers
      9.1.9 Alliance and collaboration
   9.2 Earthrise Nutritionals LLC.
      9.2.1 Company Information
      9.2.2 Company Overview
      9.2.3 Patents, Trademarks and Licenses
      9.2.4 Products and Markets
      9.2.5 Production
      9.2.6 Sales and production by products 
      9.2.7 Alliance and collaboration
   9.3 Martek Profile
      9.3.1 Company Information
      9.3.2 Company Overview
      9.3.3 Patents
      9.3.4 Research and Development
      9.3.5 Products and Markets
      9.3.6 Production
      9.3.7 Sales by products
      9.3.8 Major Customers
      9.3.9 Alliance, collaboration and licensing
   9.4 Roquette Profile
      9.4.1 Company Information
      9.4.2 Company Overview
      9.4.3 Patents, Trademarks and Licenses
      9.4.4 Research and Development
      9.4.5 Products and Markets
      9.4.6 Production
      9.4.7 Sales and production by products 
      9.4.8 Alliance and collaboration
   9.5 Sapphire Energy Profile
      9.5.1 Company Information
      9.5.2 Company Overview
      9.5.3 Patents
      9.5.4 Research and Development
      9.5.5 Products and Market
      9.5.6 Production
      9.5.7 Alliance and collaboration
   9.6 Seambiotic Ltd. Profile
      9.6.1 Company Information
      9.6.2 Company Overview
      9.6.3 Patents, Trademarks and Licenses
      9.6.4 Research and Development
      9.6.5 Products and Markets
      9.6.6 Production
      9.6.7 Alliance and collaboration
   9.7 Solazyme Profile
      9.7.1 Company Information
      9.7.2 Company Overview
      9.7.3 Patents, Trademarks and Licenses
      9.7.4 Research and Development
      9.7.5 Products 
      9.7.6 Production
      9.7.7 Alliance and collaboration
   9.8 Soliance Profile
      9.8.1 Company Information
      9.8.2 Company Overview
      9.8.3 Patents, Trademarks and Licenses
      9.8.4 Research and Development
      9.8.5 Products and Markets
      9.8.6 Production
      9.8.7 Alliance and collaboration
   9.9 BFS bio fuel systems Profile
      9.9.1 Company Information
      9.9.2 Company Overview
      9.9.3 Patents, Trademarks and Licenses
      9.9.4 Research and Development
      9.9.5 Products
      9.9.6 Production 
   9.10 Fuji chemicals
      9.10.1 Company Information
      9.10.2 Company Overview
      9.10.3 Patent, Trademarks and Licenses
      9.10.4 Products and Markets
      9.10.5 Production
   9.11 EID Parry (India)
      9.11.1 Company Information
      9.11.2 Company Overview
      9.11.3 Research and development
      9.11.4 Patent, Trademarks and Licenses
      9.11.5 Products and markets
      9.11.6 Production and Sales
      9.11.7 Alliance and Collaboration
   9.12 Cognis 206
      9.12.1 Company Information
      9.12.2 Company Overview
      9.12.3 Products and markets
      9.12.4 Production
      9.12.5 Prize Awarded

List of Figures:

Figure 1: Microalgae classification
Figure 2: Conditions of alga growth
Figure 3: Annual average sunshine map
Figure 4: Open ponds raceways
Figure 5: Earthrise Farms microalgal production process
Figure 6: Different types of open ponds
Figure 7: Different types of PBRs
Figure 8: Different PBR models
Figure 9: Cyanotech process for drying microalgae biomass
Figure 10: Biomass production by microalgae
Figure 11: Spirulina cells
Figure 12: Evolution of the global production of Spirulina (dry biomass)
Figure 13: Production of Spirulina by continent
Figure 14: Utilization of Spirulina biomass
Figure 15: Whole Spirulina biomass production used by application
Figure 16: Spirulina biomass production for extraction used by application
Figure 17: Volume of consumed Spirulina by application
Figure 18: Percentage of the Spirulina sales by type of biomass uses
Figure 19: Spirulina turnover by application
Figure 20: Spirulina key players and market share
Figure 21: Crypthcodinium cells
Figure 22: Consumption of Crypthecodinium cohnii biomass by application
Figure 23: Spirulina turnover by application
Figure 25: Utilization of Chlorella biomass
Figure 24: Chlorella cells
Figure 26: Chlorella production repartition by countries
Figure 27: Chlorella production by application
Figure 28: Chlorella turnover by application
Figure 29: Chlorella key players
Figure 30: Utilization of Dunaliella biomass
Figure 31: Dunaliella production by country
Figure 32: Whole Dunaliella biomass by application
Figure 33: Dunaliella biomass for extraction used by application
Figure 34: Dunaliella production by application
Figure 35: Dunaliella turnover by types of biomass uses
Figure 36: Dunaliella turnover by application
Figure 37: Dunaliella key players
Figure 38: Schematic overview of the fermentation process of Ulkenia DHA oil
Figure 39: Ulkenia biomass production by application
Figure 40: Ulkenia turnover by application
Figure 41: Culture ponds (500,000 liters) at Cyanotech Corporation (HI, USA)
Figure 42: Utilization of Haematococcus biomass
Figure 43: Haematococcus biomass for extraction used by application
Figure 44: Haematococcus turnover by application
Figure 45: Haematococcus key players
Figure 46: Schizochytrium biomass for extraction used by application
Figure 47: Schizochytrium turnover by application
Figure 48: Aphanizomenon production by application
Figure 49: Aphanizomenon turnover by application
Figure 50: Utilization of Euglena biomass
Figure 51: Whole Euglena biomass by application
Figure 52: Euglena biomass for extraction by application
Figure 53: Euglena production by application
Figure 54: Percentage of Euglena sales by type of biomass uses
Figure 55: Euglena turnover by application
Figure 56: Odontella production by application
Figure 57: Odontella turnover by application
Figure 58: Microalgae sales by type of microalgae (2009)
Figure 59: Percentage of the total microalgae production dedicated to extraction and biomass productions (2009)
Figure 60: Percentage of the microalgae biomass sales by market application (2009)
Figure 61: Percentage of microalgae extracts sales by market application (2009)
Figure 62: Flow chart of production and utilization of Dunaliella
Figure 63: Typical process flowsheet for the commercial production of natural astaxanthin by Haematococcus
Figure 64: Docosahexaenoic acid C22:6(n-3) formula
Figure 65: DHA production by microalgae
Figure 66: DHA turnover by application
Figure 67: Total microalgae production by applications
Figure 68: Microalgae producers' turnover by application
Figure 69: Biomass for functional food by microalgae
Figure 70: Turnover for functional food by microalgae
Figure 71: Biomass for dietary supplements by microalgae
Figure 72: Turnover for dietary supplements by microalgae
Figure 73: Biomass for feed by microalgae
Figure 74: Turnover for feed by microalgae
Figure 75: Biomass for cosmetic by microalgae
Figure 76: Turnover for cosmetic by microalgae
Figure 77: World transport biofuel production between 1975 and 2015
Figure 78: Nationality of companies which work on the production of microalgae biofuel
Figure 79: Date of creation of algal biofuel companies
Figure 80: Companies classified by technologies
Figure 81: Three generations of bioethanol development
Figure 82: Trans-esterification of oil to biodiesel
Figure 83: Expected trends of new car sales between 2000 and 2030
Figure 84: Annual investment in algal biofuel
Figure 85: Number of scientific articles on microalgae since 1925
Figure 86: Evolution of articles about chlorella, spirulina, dunaliella and heamatococcus since 1925
Figure 87: Number of patents for Spirulina and chlorella since 1979
Figure 88: Global distribution of different organizations
Figure 89: Worldwide repartition of companies
Figure 90: Worldwide repartition of research laboratories

List of Tables:

Table 1: Advantages and disadvantages of various algal culture techniques
Table 2: Description of the different types of PBR
Table 3: Comparison of the 2 main production systems (adapted from: Pulz 2001)
Table 4: Photosynthetic efficiency and productivity of open ponds
Table 5: Photosynthetic efficiency and productivity of Photobioreactor
Table 6: Production costs of algal biomass in raceway ponds
Table 7: Production costs of algal biomass in photobioreactors
Table 8: Production of main species of microalgae
Table 9: Spirulina production by countries
Table 10: Top 5 Spirulina producers
Table 11: Marketed products with or from Spirulina
Table 12: Nutritional content in Spirulina
Table 13: Spirulina in food segmentation
Table 14: Spirulina in dietary supplement segmentation
Table 15: Segmentation of cosmetics market
Table 16: Marketed products with or from Crypthecodinium cohnii
Table 17: Top 5 Chlorella producers
Table 18: Marketed products with or from Chlorella
Table 19: Chlorella in food segmentation
Table 20: Chlorella in cosmetic segmentation
Table 21: Marketed products with or from Dunaliella
Table 22: Dunaliella in dietary supplement segmentation
Table 23: Marketed products with or from Ulkenia sp.
Table 24: Marketed products with or from Haematococcus
Table 25: Marketed products with or from Schizochytrium
Table 26: Marketed products with or from Aphanizomenon flos-aquae
Table 27: Marketed products with or from Euglena
Table 28: Euglena in food segmentation
Table 29: Marketed products with or from Odontella
Table 30: Microalgae market sales by microalgae (2009)
Table 31: Microalgae value chain and market size by level from producer to retailers (2009)
Table 32: Microalgae used as a whole (2009)
Table 33: Microalgae used for extract production (2009)
Table 34: Producers of astaxanthin with Haematococcus pluvialis
Table 35: Microalgal PUFA
Table 36: DHA turnover by producers
Table 37: GRAS submittal of microalgae products
Table 38: Segmentation of conventional food market
Table 39: Top 3 microalgae most used for functional food application
Table 40: Top 3 most used microalgae for dietary supplements application
Table 41: Upper and lower estimates of microalgae dry weight biomass production required by the post-larvae of world aquaculture. Adapted from FAO
Table 42: Microalgae commonly used in aquaculture, either as individual diets or components of mixed diets. (++ denotes more popular than +)
Table 43: Examples of cosmetic ingredients from microalgae
Table 44: Main microalgae cosmetic ingredients producers
Table 45: Comparison between the different ways of crude oil production
Table 46: Oil contents in selected microalgae species
Table 47: Main partnership of algal fuel companies
Table 48: Algal Fuel Players
Table 49: Spirulina Players
Table 50: Chlorella Players
Table 51: Dunaliella Players
Table 52: Haematococcus Player



Publication date: Number of pages: Price:
2011-04-19 209 7500 euros